Structure of tense with examples

Tense is the mother of grammar. If you know Tense properly, then you are able to make a sentence. But many people can’t memorise all the Tense structures, what I mean is about the 48structures.

I had searched for all the structures on one page, but I didn’t find it. So I have decided to make one help you.

There are three types of Tense in English

  1.  Present Tense
  2. Past Tense
  3. Future Tense

All the Tense have 4 format

  1. IndefiniteTense
  2. Continuous Tense
  3. Perfect Tense
  4. Perfect continuous Tense

All the tense structures / 48 Tense Structures

structures of PRESENT INDEFINITE Tense

Affirmative

Sub+verb+obj

He writes book

Negative

Sub+do/does+not+verb+obj

He doesn’t write a book

Interrogative

do/does+sub+verb+obj

Does HE write a book?

Neg. Interr.

Do/does+sub+not+verb+info+obj+?

does He not write a book?

PRESENT CONTINUOUS Tense Structures

Affirmative

Sub+am/is/are+v+ing+obj

He is writing Book

Negative

Sub+am/is/are +

Not+v+ing+obj

HE is not writing book

Interrogative

am/is/are+sub+v+

ing+obj+?

Is he writing Book?

Neg.Interr.

Am/is/are+sub+

Not+v+info+obj+?

is He not writing a book?

PRESENT PERFECT Tense Structures

Affirmative

subject + have/has + third form of verb + and object

He has written a book

Negative

subject + have/has + NOT + third form of verb + an object

He Hasn’t written book

Interrogative

Have/has + Subject + Third form of the verb + object+?

has He written a book

Neg. Interr.

Have/has + Subject + not+ Third form of the verb + object+?

Has he not written a book?

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS Tense Structures

Affirmative

Subject + has/have been + ‘ing’ form of verb + time of occurrence

He has been writing a book since last month

Negative

Subject + have not/has not been + ‘ing’ form of verb + time of occurrence

He Hasn’t been writing a book since last month

Interrogative

Has/Have + subject + been + ‘ing’ form of verb + time frame

Has he been writing a book since last month?

Neg. Interr.

Has/Have + subject + not + been + ‘ing’ form of verb + time frame

Has he not been writing a book since last month?

PAST INDEFINITE Tense Structures

Affirmative

Subject + second form of verb + Object

HE wrote a book

Negative

sub + did + not + first form of verb +obj

He did not write a book

Interrogative

Did(Aux. verb) + subject + first form of the verb + Object+?

Did he write a book?

Neg. Interr.

Did(Aux. verb) + subject + not + first form of the verb + Object

Did he not write a book?

 

PAST CONTINUOUS Tense Structures

Affirmative

Subject + was/were (Aux. verbs) + ‘ing’ form of verb + Object

He was writing a book

Negative

Subject + was/were (Aux. verbs) +not+ ‘ing’ form of verb + Object

He was not writing a book

Interrogative

Auxiliary Verb (were/was) + Subject + Main verb ‘ing’ form + Object+?

Was he writing a book?

Neg. Interr.

Auxiliary Verb (were/was) + Subject + not +Main verb ‘ing’ form + Object+?

was he not writing a book?

 

PAST PERFECT Tense Structures

Affirmative

subject + auxiliary verb (had) + third form of verb (past participle) + object

He had written a book

Negative

subject + auxiliary verb (had) + not + third form of verb (past participle) + object

He hadn’t written a book

Interrogative

auxiliary verb + subject + third form of verb + object +?

Had he written a book?

Neg. Interr.

aux verb + sub + not + Third form of verb + object +?

Had he not written a book?

 

PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS Tense Structures

Affirmative

Subject + had been + Present Participle + Object + Time Reference

He had been writing a book for two months

Negative

Subject + had + not + been +verb+ing + Object + Time Reference)

He hadn’t been writing a book for two months

Interrogative

Had + Subject + been + Main verb +ing +  Object + Time Reference +?

Had he been writing a book for two months?

Neg.Interr.

Had + Subject +

not + been + Main verb +ing + Object + Time Reference

Had he not been writing a book for two months?

 

Structures of FUTURE INDEFINITE Tense

Affirmative

subject + auxiliary verb + main verb + object

He will write a book

Negative

(subject + will/shall/may + Not +base form of verb + object

He will not write book

Interrogative

will/shall + subject + base form of the verb + object + ?

Will he write a book?

Neg.Interr.

will/shall + not + subject +  base form of the verb + object + ?

Will not he write a book?

 

Structures of FUTURE CONTINUOUS Tense

Affirmative

Subject + will be/shall be +  verb Present form + ing + Object

He will be writing a book

Negative

Subject + ‘will/shall not be’ + Present Participle + Object

He will not be writing a book

Interrogative

‘Will/Shall’ + Subject + ‘be’ + Main Verb +ing + Object ?

 

Will he be writing a book?

Neg. Interr.

‘Will/Shall’ + Subject +not + ‘be’ + Main Verb + Object)

will he not be writing a book?

Structures of FUTURE PERFECT Tense

Affirmative

Subject + ‘will have’ + Past Participle + Object

He will have written a book

Negative

Subject + ‘will not have’ + Past Participle + Object

He will not have written a book

Interrogative

Will + Subject + ‘have’ + Past Participle + Object + ?

Will he have written a book?

Neg.Interr.

Will + Subject + have+ not + Past Participle + Object + ?

Will he have not written a book?

 

Structures of FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS Tense

Affirmative

Subject + ‘will have been’ + Present form + ing + Object + time frame

He will have been writing a book for 2 months

Negative

Subject + ‘will not have been’ + Verb Present form + ing + Object + time frame

He will not have been writing a book for 2 months

Interrogative

Will + Subject + ‘have been’ + Present form Verb + ing + Object + time frame + ?

Will he have been writing a book for 2 months?

Neg.Interr.

Will + Subject + ‘have not been’ + Present Participle + Object+ ?

Will he have not been writing a book for 2 months?

So, here are the 48 tense structures. I hope you love this page.

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